6. Collaboration
Authentic learning environments allow opportunities for much of the time for students to work in small groups or pairs. Such an arrangement allows students to ‘put their heads together’ on problems, and to fully articulate their progress as they go about the task. Example: PPT template with action buttons to up/down load contributions of group members, primary school level.

7. Articulation
Using digital video, students can create a film to teach other students a scientific concept—a concept that they have never really understood. In order to explain something to others, students must understand it and be able to articulate the concepts. Example: students-created video on climate change issues.

8. Coaching and scaffolding
Observing students, modeling, providing resources, offering hints and reminders, providing feedback, and so on. Example:coaching example from an engineering course.

9. Integrated authentic assessment
While institutional and course demands often limit teachers’ discretion on testing, where possible, in an authentic learning environment, assessment should be seamlessly integrated with the activity, that is, students are assessed on the task they perform rather than with a separate test. Students can upload a range of resources including video, sound, music, writing, dialogue, compositions and images. Example: course with the integrated assessment for future teachers.
10. Professional learning
Establishing communities of practice for various professions is a means of maintaining professional learning and development in a supportive and meaningful context that relates directly to the day-to-day work of these professionals. Example: community of practice for future interior designers.

Pause for reflection:
Which principles are you currently using in your teaching? Which other principles would you like to use?

On the next page we will discuss educational media and assessment.

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